During its long existence, the territory of Sevastopol was part of different empires, peoples and experienced periods of rise and decline. The unique geographical location, ethnic and political aspects have made the entire territory of Crimea a place of synthesis of different cultures. The identity of Sevastopol lies not only in its multiculturalism, but also in its unique nature, which has witnessed all political and historical events. It is the natural context that is the starting point and the main character of the entire project.
One of the brightest and, at the same time, tragic periods in the life of the city in the XX century. The Great Patriotic War began, which left an indelible mark in the history of Sevastopol, and the coastal territory from Quarantine to Artillery Bay became an open-air memorial dedicated to tragic events.
One of the principal approaches to the design of the site was the allocation of active functional, emotional and historical zones by FOCI. The hearth system starts from Primorsky Boulevard, where historically there has already been a dominant hearth, looking at the monument to sunken ships. Following west, we approach the dolphinarium, which blocks the embankment and restricts the passage. To organize a walking route, a picturesque circular bypass is provided, allowing not only to connect the two parts of the embankment, but also to create a new view point. The next hotbed along the way is the once popular Ivushka dance floor, revived into an open stage with a playground and a recreation area. The passage between Serf Lane and Kapitanskaya Street is transferred to the territory of the 54 mechanical plant, adding more space to the green park around the dance floor. Senyavin, Mayakovsky and Shopping Streets are becoming pedestrian, combining the 300th Anniversary of the Russian Fleet Square, Kornilov Embankment, Central Market and Primorsky Boulevard into a single walking center.
The territory of the Crystal Cape is undergoing a global transformation. Part of the territory is being freed from development, only the historical Obelisk "Hero City of Sevastopol" and the Marine Hydrophysical Institute remain. A large promenade with different functional levels is being created. On the lowest there is a wooden deck of the beach, on the next there is a green walking area, then a zone of restaurants and cafes.
One of the iconic places is the central hearth, where there is a memorial park with a monument to a Soldier and a Sailor and a memorial museum under reconstruction. A curved path framing the central hearth leads to the rocky shore with a picturesque observation bridge. Closer to the busy city part there is a concert hall hidden in the active relief of the hearth.
Following the hiking trails located along the relief and subject to its differences, we get to the memorial complex and the hearth with the ruins of Coastal Battery No. 9. The extended axis of the memorial complex includes the reconstructed buildings of the plant (which are an integral part of the already established appearance), walking areas with small architectural forms, pavilions and shops and ends with a hearth with a theater and a large park area. To the north of the theater there is another hearth with a war memorial, the 10th Coastal Battery was once based on this territory.
Elegant tropics along the picturesque slope lead from the hearth with 10 batteries to the final point – the square with an amphitheater opening onto the shore of Chersonesos.
One of the existing problems of the territory is accessibility, both pedestrian and transport. The transport problem of communication between the two districts is solved by connecting Kapitanskaya and Katernaya streets. During the war, this road was used for the movement of vehicles.
A new tram route is being launched along the new road, starting along Nakhimov Avenue and ending at Quarantine Street. The route passes through all the iconic objects: the central market, the concert hall, the memorial complex, the museum and exhibition center, the amphitheater.
A single embankment along the entire design area unites the entire territory and creates a comfortable pedestrian zone along the seashore, saturated with small architectural forms, beaches, berths and observation decks. The circulation of a river tram covering the entire coastal zone of the developed territory is provided. The route starts from Grafskaya Pier and ends at the military unit of Quarantine Bay, which is proposed to be turned into a museum of military history.
Landscaping is planned on the projected territory, recreating a once-lost unique natural complex, beautiful for its primevalness and naturalness. Wild plants, herbs and shrubs characteristic of this territory are the best principle of beautification of a picturesque natural area.
|Alexander Salov, Tatiana Osetskaya, Tatiana Yudina, Ksenia VauchskayaAlexander Salov, Tatiana Osetskaya, Tatiana Yudina, Ksenia Vauchskaya